This study aims to quantify and showcase the scale of harmful effects these laws and norms have in four MENA countries (Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt). To carry out the study, a survey was sent out to samples of the LGBTQI+ and non-LGBTQI+ individuals in Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt. Questions revolved around individuals’ occupation, employment, health, migration, and expenses. The second component of the study included case studies in each of the four countries. In-depth interviews were carried out with key informants from inclusive businesses who helped shed light on the policies and incurring benefits of LGBTQI+ inclusion while case studies with LGBTQI+ individuals highlighted missed opportunities or successful initiatives that had significant ramifications for economic development.